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Rickets Disease – Bone Diseases

What is Rickets Disease?rickets

Rickets disease  is most commonly associated with early childhood. One positive aspect of Rickets is that it is preventable – with a sufficient supply of vitamin D, e.g. through exposure to sunlight. A healthy and balanced diet is also important in the prevention of Rickets.

Rickets affects the bone structure, and in severe cases can cause permanent damage if left untreated. The disease renders the bones more fragile and thus more susceptible to breaks and fractures. Rickets has also been known to cause aches and pains in muscles. In certain cases Rickets will be caused by other medical conditions, especially those that affect the liver, digestive system and kidneys. Rickets can result in stunted or slowed growth if left untreated, in addition to malformed spines, breastbones and legs.

Possible Cause

There is strong evidence that Rickets disease has hereditary traits, with the child being more likely to develop symptoms if the mother shows signs of vitamin D deficiency. The mother is more likely to cause a vitamin D deficiency in the infant if she breast feeds without a supplement.

Seeing as Rickets is caused by a lack of vitamin D, children with darker skin will be more likely to be affected by it. This is because the darker the skin, the less efficient it is at converting sunlight to vitamin D.

Vitamin D3

There is a very high awareness of skin cancer risks in children. This has resulted in parents using an excessive amount of sun cream on their children. This in turn has caused an increase in Rickets, as the skin is being blocked from receiving the required amount of sunlight to create vitamin D.  A correlation between the over-use of sunblock and Rickets was discovered in Australia, where light-skinned people are (justifiably) concerned about the high levels of ultraviolet radiation. Although it is prudent to protect the skin from the sun, some moderation in sunblock usage is required, as the skin needs some exposure to natural light.

Vitamin D3 is both a vitamin and a hormone.

In adults, the most common reasons for Vitamin D3 deficiency in the United States is dues to lack of exposure to sunlight and infrequent consumption of cold water fish such as wild salmon, mackerel & sardines.

Good News

The positive aspect of Rickets is that the symptoms abate very rapidly after an increase in the intake of vitamin D. Furthermore, irregularities in bone development will also usually disappear with time, unless Rickets disease remains untreated throughout puberty.

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Test Your Knowledge

How Many Bones in the Human Body?

An adult has a total of 206 bones in their skeleton

How many Bones in a Child's Body?

A newborn baby has 270 bones in the skeletal system. Most of their skeleton is made up of cartilage which forms bone as it hardens over time. The bones in a child's skeleton fuse together as they grow, reducing the number, up until about 25 years old.

What is The Strongest Bone in the Human Body?

The femur or thigh bone is the strongest bone in the body. It is situated between the pelvis and the knee. It is also the longest bone in the body and is fully one quarter of your bodies' height.

What is the Weakest Bone in The Body?

The weakest bones in your body are the tiny bones inside your ear that enable you to hear. On the other hand; the most commonly fractured bone is the clavicle.

What is the Hardest Bone in the Body?

The hardest bone in the body is the petrous portion of the temporal bone. The temporal bones are found at the sides and base of the skull and the petrous portion is specifically the part at the base of the skull that contains the organs for hearing.

Where are the Smallest bones in Your Body Located?

The smallest bone in the body is called the stapes. It is a stirrup shaped bone found inside the ear drum that transmits vibrations enabling us to hear.

How many Bones are in the Leg?

A human leg contains 30 bones. There are 26 bones that make up the foot, and the four major bones of the leg, which are the thigh bone (femur), the shin bone (tibia), the calf bone (fibula) and the knee cap (patella)